Horticulture Faculty

Ainong Shi

Ainong Shi

Associate Professor

Vegetable Breeder

(DREX)-Director Experiment Station

(HORT)-Horticulture

Phone: 479-575-2603

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Associate Professor, Dept. Horticulture, University of Arkansas, AR, 07/2019 –present.

Assistant Professor, Dept. Horticulture, University of Arkansas, AR, 06/2013 –06/2019.

Scientist/Soy Genetic Project Lead, Syngenta Seeds, Slater, IA, 10/2009 – 05/2013.

Plant Geneticist, Indiana Crop Improvement Association and Purdue University, IN, 07/2008-09/2009.

Postdoc, Institute of Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 12/2007-07/2008.

Postdoc, Dept. Crop, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, 10/2005 – 11/2007.

 

 

Classic and molecular breeding and genetics in vegetable crops such as cowpea and spinach for cultivars and germplasm development and release; QTL mapping and genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify SNP markers associated with agronomic, abiotic and biotic traits in cowpea, common bean, soybean, spinach and tomato using 2nd and 3rd generation sequencing such as whole genome sequencing and resequencing (WGS, WGR), ddRADseq and GBS;  gene-expression study using RNAseq and isoSeq; epigenetic study using small RNAseq, whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS), and ATAC-seq; marker assisted selection (MAS) and genomic selection (GS) in vegetable crops.

Ph.D. – Plant Pathology and Crop Sciences. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA. 1997.

M.S. – Computer Systems. City University, Seattle, WA, USA. 2000.

M.S. – Plant Genetics and Breeding. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Beijing, China. 1986.

B.S. – Plant Pathology and Entomology. Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. 1983.

PUBLICATION (refereed: 111; book chapter: 1; non-refereed: 15; submitted: 9; abstract: 124; presentation: 181; and patent: 5)

Refereed (*as the corresponding author in all articles)

2020

  1. Adhikari, N.D., R.L. Eriksen, A. Shi, and B. Mou. 2020. Proteomics analysis suggests a higher flux through major metabolic pathways in Lactuca sativa cv. Salinas than Lactuca serriola accession US96UC23. Proteomics (Accepted).
  2. Cui, Q., H. Xiong, Y. Yang, S. Eaton, S. Imamura, J. Santamaria, W. Ravelombola, R.E. Mason, L. Wood, L.A. Mozzoni, and A. Shi*. 2020. Evaluation of drought tolerance in Arkansas cowpea lines at seedling stage. HortScience pages 1-13, https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI15036-20
  3. Kandel, S.L., A.M. Hulse-Kemp, K. Stoffel, S.T. Koike, A. Shi, B. Mou, A. Van Deynze*, and S.J. Klosterman1*. 2020. Transcriptional analyses of resistant and susceptible spinach cultivars in response to the downy mildew pathogen, Peronospora effuse. Scientific Reports 10:6719 | https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63668-3.
  4. Park, S., A. Shi, and B. Mou*. 2020. Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of the CBF/DREB1 gene family in lettuce. Scientific Reports 10:5733, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-62458-1.
  5. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, A. Shi*, L. Nice, Y. Bao, A. Lorenz, J. H. Orf , N. D. Young, and S. Chen*. 2020. Genome-wide association study and genomic selection for tolerance of soybean biomass reduction under to soybean cyst nematode infestation. PlosOne (accepted). 
  6. Ravelombola, W., A. Shi*, S. Chen, H. Xiong, Y. Yang, Q. Cui, D. Olaoye, and B. Mou. 2020. Evaluation of cowpea for drought tolerance at seedling stage. Euphytica (accepted).
  7. Yang, Y., L. Dong*, L. Shi, J. Guo, Y. Jiao, H. Xiong, R.W. Dickson, and A. Shi. 2020. Effects of low temperature and weak light on physiology of tomato seedlings. American Journal of Plant Science 11: 162-179. 10.4236/ajps.2020.112013.
  8. Yang, Y.,  D. Shi, Y. Wang, L. Zhang, X. Chen, X. Yang, H. Xiong, G. Bhattarai, W. Ravelombola, D. Olaoye, G. Yang*, and A. Shi*. 2020. Involvement of WRKY transcription factors and glucose metabolism in the regulation of sweet potato skin color as revealed by the transcript profiling of Sushu 8 and Zhengshu 20. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 148:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2019.12.035.

2019

  1. Bauchet, G., K. Bett, C. Cameron, J. Campbell, E. Cannon, S. Cannon*, J. Carlson, A. Chan, A. Cleary, T. Close, D. Cook, A. Cooksey, C. Coyne, S. Dash, R. Dickstein, A. Farmer, D. Fernandez-Baca, S. Hokin, E. Jones, Y. Kang, M. Monteros, M. Muñoz-Amatriaín, K. Mysore, C. Pislariu, C. Richards, A. Shi, C. Town, M. Udvardi, E. von Wettbert, N. Young, and P. Zhao. 2019. The future of legume genetic data resources: challenges, opportunities, and priorities. Legume Science, 2019;e16; https://doi.org/10.1002/leg3.16.
  2. Dong, L., W. Ravelombola, Y. Weng, J. Qin, G. Bhattarai, B. Zia, W. Zhou, B. Mou, and A. Shi*. 2019. Seedling salt tolerance for above ground-related traits in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp). Euphytica 215:53, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-019-2379-4).
  3. Dong, L., W. Ravelombola, Y. Weng, J. Qin, W. Zhou, G. Bhattarai, B. Zia, W. Yang, and A. Shi*. 2019. Change in chlorophyll content over time well differentiated salt-tolerant, moderately salt-tolerant, and salt-susceptible cowpea genotypes. HortScience 54(9):1477-1484. //doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI13889-19.
  4. Guo, J., L. Dong*, Y. Jiao, H. Xiong, L. Shi, Y. Tian, Y. Yang, and A. Shi. 2019. Quality control techniques and related factors for hydroponic leafy vegetables. HortScience 54:1330-1337.  https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI13853-18.
  5. Kandel, S.L., B. Mou, N. Shishkoff, A. Shi, K.V. Subbarao, and S.J. Klosterman*. 2019. Spinach downy mildew: advances in our understanding of the disease cycle and prospects for disease management. Plant Disease 103:791-803. https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-10-18-1720-FE.
  6. Kandel, S.L, K.V. Subbarao, A. Shi, B. Mou*, and S.J. Klosterman*. 2019. Evaluation of biopesticides for managing downy mildew of spinach in organic production systems in California, 2017 and 2018. Plant Disease Management Reports, Report No. 13:V171.
  7. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, A. Shi*, L. Nice, Y. Bao, A. Lorenz, J. H. Orf, N. D. Young, and S. Chen*. 2019. Genome-wide association study and genomic selection for soybean chlorophyll content associated with soybean cyst nematode. BMC Genomics (2019) 20:904; https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-6275-z.
  8. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, Y. Weng, B. Mou*, A. Shi*. 2019. A simple and cost-effective approach for salt tolerance evaluation in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seedlings. HortScience 54:1280-1287. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI14065-19.
  9. Qin, J., A. Shi, Q. Song, S. Li, F. Wang, Y. Cao, W. Ravelombola, C. Yang, and M. Zhang*. 2019.  Genome wide association study and genomic selection of amino acid contents in soybean seeds. Frontiers in Plant Science, 10:1445. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2019.01445.
  10. Weng, Y, J. Qin, S. Eaton, Y. Yang, W. Ravelombola, and A. Shi*. 2019. Evaluation of seed protein content in USDA cowpea germplasm. HortScience 54(5):814–817. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI13929-19.
  11. Zhu, S.*, E. Niu, E., A. Shi, and B. Mou. 2019. Genetic diversity analysis of olive germplasm (Olea europaea L.) with genotyping-by-sequencing technology. Frontiers in Genetics 10:755. https://doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00755.

2018

  1. Feng, C., B.H. Bluhm, A. Shi, J.C. Correll*. 2018. Molecular markers linked to three spinach downy mildew disease resistance loci. Euphytica 214: 174. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-018-2258-4.
  2. Ravelombola, W., A. Shi*, Y. Weng, B. Mou, D.  Motes, J. Clark, P. Chen, V. Srivastava, J. Qin, L. Dong,  W. Yang, G. Bhattarai, and Y. Sugihara. 2018. Association analysis of salt tolerance in cowpea at germination and seedling stages. Theoretic and Applied Genetics 131(1):79–91. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-017-2987-0.
  3. Ravelombola, W., A. Shi*, J. Qin, Y. Weng, G. Bhattarai, B. Zia, W. Zhou, and B. Mou. 2018. Investigation on various above-ground traits to identify drought tolerance in cowpea seedlings. HortScience 53(12):1757–1765. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI13278-18.
  4. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, A. Shi*, J.C. Miller, Jr., D. Scheuring, Y. Weng, G. Bhattarai, L. Dong, and W. Yang, 2018. Population structure analysis and association mapping for iron deficiency chlorosis in worldwide cowpea germplasm. Euphytica 214:96. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-018-2176-5.
  5. Weng, Y., W. Ravelombola, J. Qin, W. Yang, W. Zhou, Y. Wang, Z. Young, and A. Shi*. 2018. Evaluation of soluble sugar content in cowpea seeds. American Journal of Plant Sciences 9:1455-1466. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2018.97106.
  6. Xiong, H., A. Shi, D. Wu, Y. Weng, J. Qin, W.  Ravelombola, X. Shu, and W. Zhou*. 2018. Genome-wide identification, classification and evolutionary expansion of KNOX gene family in Rice (Oryza sativa) and Populus (Populus trichocarpa). American Journal of Plant Sciences 9:1071-1092. 10.4236/ajps.2018.96082.
  7. Xiong, H., J. Qin, A. Shi*, B. Mou, D. Wu, J. Sun, X. Shu, Z. Wang, W. Lu, J. Ma, Y. Weng, and W. Yang. 2018. Genetic differentiation and diversity upon genotype and phenotype in cowpea. Euphytica, 214:4; DOI: https://1dio.org/0.1007/s10681-017-2088-9.
  8. Yang, W., A. Shi*, J. Ma, J. Correll, M. Evans, D. Motes, H. Xiong, Y. Weng, and J. Qin. 2018. Identification of the pathogen of powdery mildew disease on dandelions. Australasian Plant Disease Notes 13: 12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13314-018-0296-3.

2017

  1. Bhattarai, G., A. Shi*, J. Qin, Y. Weng, J.B. Morris, D. Pinnow, B. Buckley, W. Ravelombola, W. Yang, and L. Dong. 2017. Association analysis of cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) resistance in the USDA cowpea germplasm collection. Euphytica 213(10). DOI: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-2015-0.
  2. Klepadlo, M., P. Chen*, A. Shi, R.E. Mason, K.L. Korth, V. Srivastava and C. Wu. 2017. Two tightly linked genes for soybean mosaic virus resistance in soybean. Crop Sci. 57(4):1844-1853. doi: https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2016.05.0290.
  3. Klepadlo, M., P. Chen*, A. Shi, R. E. Mason, K. L. Korth, and V. Srivastava. 2017. Single nucleotide polymorphism markers for rapid detection of the Rsv4 locus for soybean mosaic virus resistance in diverse germplasm. Mol Breeding 37: 10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-016-0595-3.
  4. Qin, J., A. Shi*, B. Mou, G. Bhattarai, W. Yang, Y. Weng, and D. Motes. 2017. Association mapping of aphid resistance in USDA cowpea core collection using SNPs. Euphytica 213:36. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-016-1830-z.
  5. Qin, J.*, A. Shi*, B. Mou, M.A, Grusak, Y. Weng, W. Ravelombola, G. Bhattarai, L. Dong, and W. Yang. 2017. Genetic diversity and association mapping of mineral element concentrations in spinach leaves. BMC Genomics 18:941. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-017-4297-y.
  6. Qin, J., Q. Song, A. Shi, S. Li, M. Zhang, Bo Zhang*. 2017. Genome-wide association mapping of resistance to Phytophthora sojae in a soybean germplasm panel from maturity groups IV and V. PLoS ONE 12(9):e0184613. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184613.
  7. Qin, J., J. Zhang, F. Wang, J. Wang, Z. Zheng, C. Yin, H. Chen, A. Shi, B. Zhang, P. Chen, M. Zhang*. 2017. iTRAQ protein profile analysis of developmental dynamics in soybean leaves. PLoS ONE 12(9):e0181910. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181910.
  8. Ravelombola, W., A. Shi*, Y. Weng, J. Clark, D. Motes, P. Chen, and V. Srivastava. 2017. Evaluation of salt tolerance at germination stage in cowpea. HortScience 52(9):1168-1176. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI12195-17.
  9. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, A. Shi*, W.  Lu, Y. Weng, H. Xiong, W. Yang, G. Bhattarai, S. Mahamane, W.A. Payne, J.C. Miller, Jr., D. Scheuring. 2017. Association mapping revealed SNP markers for adaptation to low phosphorus conditions and rock phosphate response in USDA cowpea germplasm. Euphytica 213:183 (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-017-1971-8).
  10. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, A. Shi*, Y. Weng, G. Bhattarai, L. Dong, J.B. Morris. 2017. A SNP-based association analysis for plant growth habit in worldwide cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) germplasm. Euphytica 213:284. First Online: 22 November 2017 https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10681-017-2077-z.
  11. Shi, A*., J. Qin, B. Mou, J. Correll, Y. Weng, D. Brenner, C. Feng, D. Motes, W. Yang, L. Dong, and  G.  Bhattarai, and W. Ravelombola. 2017. Genetic diversity and population structure analysis of spinach by single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified through genotyping-by-sequencing. PLOS ONE, 12(11): e0188745, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188745
  12. Weng, Y., A. Shi*, W. Ravelombola1, W. Yang, J. Qin, D. Motes, D.O. Moseley, and P. Chen. 2017. A Rapid methods for measuring seed protein content in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp). American J. of Plant Science 8(10): 2387-2396. DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.810161.
  13. Zeng, A., P. Chen*, K. Korth, F. Hancock, A. Pereira, K. Brye, C. Wu, and A. Shi. 2017. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) of salt tolerance in worldwide soybean germplasm lines. Mol Breeding 37: 30. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-017-0634-8.

2016

  1. Chitwood, J, A. Shi*, B. Mou, M. Evans, J. Clark, D. Motes, P. Chen, and D. Hensley. 2016 Population structure and association analysis of bolting, plant height, and leaf erectness in spinach. HortScince 51(5):481–486. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.51.5.481.
  2. Chitwood, J., A. Shi*, M. Evans, C. Rom, D. Motes, P. Chen, and D. Hensley. 2016. Temperature effect on seed germination in spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). HortScience 51(12):1475–1478. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI11414-16.
  3. Lyon, R., J. Correll, C. Feng, B. Bluhm, S. Shrestha, A. Shi, K. Lamour*. 2016. Population Structure of Peronospora effusa in the Southwestern United States. PlosOne 11(2): e0148385. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148385.
  4. Ma, J, A. Shi*, B. Mou, M. Evans, J. Clack, D. Motes, J. Correll, H. Xiong, J. Qin, J. Chitwood, Y. Weng. 2016. Association mapping of leaf traits in spinach. Plant Breed. 135:399–404 (doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/pbr.12369). 
  5. Qin, J., A. Shi*, H. Xiong, B. Mou, D. Motes, W. Lu, J.C. Miller, D.C. Scheuring, M.N. Nzaramba, Y. Weng, and W. Yang. 2016. Population structure analysis and association mapping of seed antioxidant content in USDA cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) core collection using SNPs. Canadian J Plant Science 96(6): 1026-1036. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjps-2016-0090.
  6. Ravelombola, W., A. Shi*, Y. Weng, D. Motes, P. Chen, V. Srivastava, and C. Wingfield. 2016. Evaluation of total seed protein content in eleven Arkansas cowpea genotypes. American J. Plant Science 7(15): 2288-2296. DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2016.715201.
  7. Shi, A.*, B. Buckley, B. Mou, D. Motes, J.B. Morris, J. Ma, H. Xiong, J. Qin, W. Yang, J. Chitwood, Yuejin Weng, W. Lu. 2016. Association analysis of cowpea bacterial blight resistance in USDA cowpea germplasm. Euphytica 208:143-155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-016-1830-z.
  8. Shi, A.*, and B. Mou. 2016. Genetic diversity and association analysis of leafminer (Liriomyza spp.) resistance in spinach (Spinacia oleracea). Genome 59(8):581-8 (https://doi.org/10.1139/gen-2016-0075 ).
  9. Shi, A.*, B. Mou, J. Correll. 2016. Association analysis for oxalate concentration in spinach. Euphytica 212:17-28. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-016-1740-0.
  10. Shi, A.*, B. Mou, J. Correll, D. Motes, Y. Weng, J. Qin, and W. Yang. 2016. SNP association analysis of resistance to Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae Kleb.) in spinach. Australian Journal of Crop Science 10(8): 1188-1196. https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=502343349346669;res=IELHSS.
  11. Shi, A.*, B. Mou, J. Correll, S.T. Koike, D. Motes, J. Qin, Y. Weng, and W. Yang. 2016. Association analysis and identification of SNP markers for Stemphylium leaf spot (Stemphylium botryosum f. sp. spinacia) resistance in spinach (Spinacia oleracea). American Journal of Plant Sciences 7: 1600-1611. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2016.712151.
  12. Xiong, H., A. Shi*, B. Mou, J. Qin, D. Motes, W. Lu, J. Ma, Y. Weng, W. Yang. 2016. Genetic diversity and population structure of cowpea. PLoS ONE 11(8): e0160941. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160941.
  13. Xiong, H., A. Shi, J. Sun, Y. Wang, X. Shu, D. Wu. 2016. Genetic diversity of agronomic traits in global cowpea resource. Bulletin of Science and Technology 10:48-52.

2015 and early

  1. Wang, J., P. Chen*, D. Wang, G. Shannon, A. Shi, A. Zeng, and M. Orazaly. 2015. Identification of Quantitative Trait Loci for oil content in soybean seed. Crop Sci. 55(1):23-34. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2014.04.0280
  2. Rogers, J., P. Chen*, A. Shi, B. Zhang, A. Scaboo, S.F. Smith, A. Zeng. 2014. Agronomic performance and genetic progress of selected historical soybean varieties in the southern USA. Plant Breeding 134(1):85-93.
  3. Zeng, A., P. Chen*, A. Shi, D. Wang, B. Zhang, M. Orazaly, L. Florez, K. Brye, Q. Song, and P. Cregan. 2014. Identification of quantitative trait loci for sucrose content in soybean seed. Crop Sci. 54:554-564.
  4. Mozzoni L, A. Shi, P. Chen*. 2013. Genetic Study of High Sucrose and Low Raffinose, and Low Stachyose Contents in V99-5089 Soybean Seeds. Journal of Crop Improvement 27:5:606-616.
  5. Shakiba,E., P. Chen*, A. Shi, D. Li, D. Dong, and K. Brye. 2013. Inheritance and Allelic Relationship of Resistance Genes for Soybean 1 mosaic virus in ‘Corsica’ and ‘Beeson’ Soybean. Crop Sci. 53:1455-1463.
  6. Shi, A., P. Chen*, R. Vierling, D. Li, and C. Zheng. 2013. Identification of SMV resistance alleles in Jindou 1 soybean. Euphytica 192:181-187.
  7. Wang, Y, A. Shi, B. Zhang, and P. Chen*. 2013. Mapping a major gene for powdery mildew resistance in V97-3000 soybean. Plant Breeding 132:625–629.
  8. Shakiba, E., P. Chen, A. Shi, D. Li, D. Dong, and K. Brye. 2012. Two new alleles at the Rsv3 locus for resistance to Soybean Mosaic Virus in PI 399091 and PI 61947 Soybean. Crop Sci. 52: 2587-2594.
  9. Shakiba, E., P. Chen, R. Gergerich, D. Dombek, A. Shi, and K. Brye. 2012. Evaluation of Arkansas soybean cultivars for reaction to Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) and Tobacco ringspot virus (TRSV). Crop Sci. 52:1980-1989.
  10. Shakiba, E., P. Chen, R. Gergerich, S. Li, D. Dombek, K. Brye, and A. Shi. 2012. Reactions of commercial soybean cultivars from the Mid-South to soybean mosaic virus. Crop Sci. 52:1990–1997.
  11. Mmbaga, M., A. Shi, and MS Kim. 2011. Identification of Alternaria alternata as a causal agent for leaf blight in Syringa species. Plant Pathol. J. 27(2):120-127.
  12. Shi, A., P. Chen, R. Vierling, C. Zheng, D. Li, D. Dong, E. Shakiba, and I. Cervantez. 2011. Multiplex Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) assay for detection of soybean mosaic virus resistance genes in soybean. Ther. Appl. Genet. 122(2):445-457.
  13. Shi, A., R. Grazzini, R. Vierling, H. Caton, and D. Panthee. 2011. Molecular markers for Tm-2 alleles of tomato mosaic virus resistance in tomato. American J. of Plant Sci. 2:180-189.
  14. Shi, A., R. Vierling, R. Grazzini, P. Chen, H. Caton, and D. Panthee. 2011. Identification of molecular markers for Sw-5 gene of tomato spotted wilt virus resistance. American Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Sciences (1): 8-16.
  15. Li, D., P. Chen, J. Alloatti, A. Shi, and Y. F. Chen. 2010. Identification of new alleles for resistance to soybean mosaic virus in soybean. Crop Sci. 50:649-655.
  16. Shi, A., R. Vierling, R. Grazzini, P. Chen, H. Caton, and Y. Weng. 2010. Development of single nucleotide polymorphism markers for selection of Ve gene of tomato Verticillium wilt resistance. International Research J. Plant Sci. 1(2):034-042.
  17. Shi, A., P. Chen, B. Zhang, and A. Hou. 2010. Genetic diversity and association analysis of protein and oil contents in food-type soybean. Plant Breeding 129:250-256.
  18. Zhang, B., P. Chen, S. Florez-Palacios, A. Shi, A. Hou and T. Ishaashi. 2010. Seed quality attributes of food-grade soybeans from the U.S. and Asia. Euphytica 173: 387-396.
  19. Shi, A., S. Kantartzi, M. Mmbaga, and P. Chen. 2010. Development of ISSR PCR markers for diversity study in dogwood (Cornus spp.). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 1(3):189-194.
  20. Shi, A., S. Kantartzi, M. Mmbaga, and P. Chen. 2010. PCR-RFLP is a useful tool to distinguish two powdery mildew pathogens of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 1(3):208-212.
  21. Hou, A., P. Chen, A. Shi., B. Zhang, and Y.J. Wang. 2009. Soluble sugar variation in soybean seed assessed with a rapid extraction and quantification method. Intl. J. Agron. DOI:10.1155/2009/484571.
  22. Hou, A., P. Chen, J. Alloatti, D. Li, L. Mozzoni, B. Zhang, and A. Shi,. 2009. Genetic variability of seed sugar content in worldwide soybean collections. Crop Sci. 49: 903-912.
  23. Li, D., P. Chen, A. Shi, E. Shakiba, R. Gergerich, and Y. Chen. 2009. Temperature Affects Expression of Symptoms Induced by Soybean Mosaic Virus in Homozygous and Heterozygous Plants. Journal of Heredity 100 (3):348-354.
  24. Shi, A., P. Chen, D. Li, C. Zheng, A. Hou, and B. Zhang. 2009. Gene pyramiding of genes of soybean mosaic virus resistance. Molecular Breed. 23:113-124
  25. Shi, A., S. Kantartzi, M. Mmbaga and P. Chen. 2009. Differentiation of two pathogens of powdery mildew disease in flowering dogwood by PCR-mediated method based on ITS sequences. J. Phytopathology 157:274–279.
  26. Zhang, B., P, Chen, A. Shi, A. Hou, T. Ishabashi, and D. Wang. 2009. Putative Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) associated with calcium content in soybean seed. J. Heredity 100:263-269.
  27. Shi, A., P. Chen, C. Zheng, A. Hou, and B. Zhang. 2008. A PCR-based marker for the Rsv1 locus conferring resistance to soybean mosaic virus. Crop Sci. 48:262-268.
  28. Shi, A., P. Chen, D. Li, C. Zheng, A. Hou, and B. Zhang. 2008. Genetic confirmation of two independent genes for resistance to soybean mosaic virus in J05 Soybean using SSR markers. J. Heredity 99:598–603.
  29. Shi, A., P. Chen, R. Gergerich, A. Hou, and B. Zhang. 2008. Interaction between two strains of soybean mosaic virus in soybean. Can. J. Plant Path. 30:486-491.
  30. Shi, A., S. Kantartzi, M. Mmbaga, P. Chen, and F. Mrema. 2008. PCR-based detection of Colletotrichum acutatum and C. gloesporioides in flowering dogwood. Australia J. Plant Pathology 37: 65-68.
  31. Shi, A., S. Kantartzi, P. Chen, and M. Mmbaga. 2008. Isolation of resistance gene analogues from flowering dogwood (Cornus florida L.). J. Phytopathology 156:742–746.
  32. Zhang, B., P. Chen, C. Chen, D. Wang, A. Shi, A. Hou, and T. Ishibashi. 2008. Mapping Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) for seed hardness in soybean. Crop Sci 48:1341-1349.
  33. Uwe Braun, A. Shi, M. Mmbaga, S.Takamatsu, R. Divarangkoon, and P. Chen. 2007. Erysiphe abbreviata on cherry bark oak – morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy. Mycologia 95(5): 655-663.
  34. Cornelious, B., P. Chen, A. Hou, A. Shi, J. G. Shannon. 2006. Yield potential and waterlogging tolerance of selected near- isogenic lines and recombinant inbred lines from two southern soybean populations. Journal of Crop Improvement 16(1/2):97-111.
  35. Shi, A. and M.T. Mmbaga. 2006. Perpetuation of powdery mildew infection and identification of Erysiphe australiana as the crape myrtle pathogen in mid-Tennessee. Plant Dis. 90:1098-1101.
  36. Li, H, Chen X, Shi A, Murphy JP, Leath S. 2005. Characterization of RAPD markers and the RFLP marker linked to powdery mildew resistance gene derived from different accessions of H. villosa. Agri. Sci. in China, 4:87-93.
  37. Navarro, R. A., J. P. Murphy, S. Leath, J. G. Moseman and A. Shi. 2000. Registration of NC96BGTD9 and NC96BGTD10 wheat germplasm resistant to powdery mildew. Crop Sci. 40:1508-1509.
  38. Murphy, J. P., S. Leath, D. Huynh, R. A. Navarro and A. Shi. 1999. Registration of NC96BGTA4, NC96BGTA5, and NC96BGTA6 wheat germplasm. Crop Sci. 39:883-884.
  39. Murphy, J. P., S. Leath, D. Huynh, R. A. Navarro and A. Shi. 1999. Registration of NC96BGTA7 and NC96BGTA8 wheat germplasm resistant to powdery mildew. Crop Sci. 39:884-885.
  40. Murphy, J. P., S. Leath, D. Huynh, R. A. Navarro and A. Shi. 1998. Registration of NC96BGTD1, NC96BGTD2, and NC96BGTD3 wheat germplasm resistant to powdery mildew. Crop Sci. 38:570-571.
  41. Shi, A., S. Leath, and J. P. Murphy. 1998. A major gene for powdery mildew resistance transferred to common wheat from einkorn wheat. Phytopathology 88:144-147.
  42. Shi, A., Chen Xiao, Xiao Shihe, Xu Huijun, Du Lipu, Pang Jiazhi, Steven Leath, and Murphy Paul. 1998. Development of New Wheat lines and analysis of resistance genes to powdery mildew. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica, 28(3):209-214.
  43. Zhang Q., W.C. Yang, A. Shi. 1998. Breeding of three near-isogenic japonica rice lines with major genes for resistance to bacterial blight. Acta Agronomica Sinica. 24(6): 799-804.
  44. Chen, X., A. Shi, L. M. Shang, S. Leath, and J. P. Murphy. 1997. The resistance of Haynaldia villosa on powdery mildew isolate and its expression in wheat background. Acta Phytopathologica Sinica 27:17-22.
  45. Shang, L. M., X. Chen, S. H. Xiao, H. J. Xu, and A. N. Shi. 1997. Genetic and biochemical identification of common wheat-Haynaldia villosa new germplasms. Acta Agronomica Sinica 23:159-164.
  46. Chen, X., H. J. Xu, L. P. Du, L. M. Shang, B. Han, A. Shi, and S. H. Xiao. 1996. Transfer of gene resistance to powdery mildew from H. villosum to common wheat by biotechnology. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 29: 1-8.
  47. Zhang, Q., A. Shi, W. C. Yang. 1996. Breeding of three near-isogenic japonica rice lines with different major genes for resistance to bacterial blight. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 22(2): 135-141.
  48. Zhang, Q, W. C. Yang, A. Shi. 1996. Discussion on standardized questions of genetic study for resistance to bacterial blight of rice in China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 29(4): 85-92.
  49. Zhang, Q., A. Shi, C. L. Wang, J. F. Bai, and W C. Yang. 1994. Genetics of resistance to bacterial blight in nine rice cultivars. Acta Agronomica Sinica 20(1): 84-92.
  50. Zhang, Q., C. L. Wang, A. Shi. 1994. Evaluation of resistance to bacterial blight in wildrice species. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 27(5): 1-9.
  51. Shi, A., Q. Zhang, C. L. Wang, J. F. Bai, and W. C. Yang. 1993. Genetics of resistance to three strains of bacterial blight in five indica rice cultivars. Journal of Huzhong Agricultural University 12(1): 215-220.
  52. Shi, A., Q. Zhang, C. L. Wang, J. F. Bai. 1993. Effect of genetic background of susceptible parents on expression of resistance to bacterial blight. Journal of Beijing Agricultural College 8(1): 90-94.
  53. Shi, A., K. J. Zhao, Yin, L., P. C. Ni, and G. Q. Liu. 1993. Review of apromixis on rice in China. Journal of Beijing Agricultural College 8(1): 20-23.
  54. Yin, L., A. Shi, K. J. Zhao, Y. Z. Shen, and L. J.Yuan. 1993. Frequencies of multiple pistillate and bud in three rice strains. Crop Genetics Resources (2): 15-16.
  55. Shi, A., Q. Zhang, Q. X. Chang, Y. X. Wang, and Y. X. Wang. 1992. Genetics of three stigmas in rice variety A20. Chinese Journal Rice Science 6(3): 139-141.
  56. Zhang, Q., A. Shi, C. L. Wang, G. S. Que, and T. W. Mew. 1991. Genetics of resistance to bacterial blight III. Allelism analysis of the adult plant resistance genes Xa-6 and Xa-3. Acta Agronomica Sinica 17(3): 233-237.
  57. Zhang, Q., A. Shi, C. L. Wang, and G. S. Que. 1990. Genetics of resistance to bacterial blight in five rice cultivars. Chinese Journal Rice Science 4(1): 1-8.

SUBMISSION

  1. Bhattarai, G., A. Shi*, C. Feng, B. Dhillon, B. Mou*, J.C. Correll*. 2020. Genome-wide association studies in multiple spinach breeding populations refine downy mildew race 13 resistance genes (Submitted to Frontiers in Plant Science).
  2. Bhattarai, G., C. Feng, B. Dhillon, A. Shi, M. Villarroel-Zeballos, J.C. Correll. 2019. Evaluation of a detached leaf inoculation method to evaluate downy mildew disease reactions on an International set of spinach differential genotypes ().
  3. Feng, C., K. Lamour, B.D.S, Dhillon, M.I. Villarroel-Zeballos, V.L. Castroagudin, B. Liu, B.H. Bluhm, A. Shi, A. Rojas, and J.C. Correll*. 2020. Genetic diversity of the spinach downy mildew pathogen based on hierarchical sampling (submitted to Phytopathology) (https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.02.18.953661v1).
  4. Klepadlo, K., P. Chen*, A. Shi. 2020. Soybean breeding line GP20 carries three dominant genes for soybean mosaic virus resistance. Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences
  5. Moseley, D., L. Mozzoni*, A. Kaler, E. Mason, A. Shi, M. Orazaly, L. Lara, and P. Chen. 2020. Evaluation of Genetic Diversity and Association Mapping for Seed Weight and Size in Vegetable Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] Germplasm (Submitted to Frontiers in Plant Science).
  6. Ravelombola, W., J. Qin, A. Shi*, F. Wang, Y. Feng, Y. Meng, C. Yang*, and M. Zhang*. 2019. Genome-wide association study and genomic selection for plant height, maturity, seed weight, and seed yield in soybean (Submitted to Scientific Reports).
  7. Ravelombola, W., A. Shi*, B. Huynh, P. Roberts, and T.J. Close. 2020. Loci discovery, network-guided approach, and genomic prediction for drought tolerance index in a multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) cowpea population (Submitted to Horticulture Research).
  8. Ravelombola, W., L. Dong, T.C. Barickman, H. Xiong, D. Olaoye, G. Bhattarai,  B. Zia, H.  Alshaya Sr., I. Alatawi, and A. Shi*. 2020. Evaluation of Salt Tolerance in Cowpea at Seedling Stage (Submitted to Euphytica).
  9. Rice, A., E. Shakiba*, K, Moldenhauer, A. Pereira, and A. Shi. 2020. QTL Mapping of Panicle Architecture and Yield-Related Traits between Two U.S. Rice Cultivars ‘LaGrue’ and ‘Lemont" (Submitted to Ther. Appl. Genet.)
  10. Zhu, S.*, E. Niu, W. Wang, and A. Shi. 2020. Identification and evaluation of SNP core loci for olive germplasm. Molecular Plant Breeding.

Book Chapter

  1. Shi, A., and W. P. Qiu. 2000. Plant resistance to fungus and bacterial diseases and molecular biology technology. In: Biotechnology & Sustainable Agriculture (Yang, Z. P., Hu, S. and Zhou, X. L., Eds.). Shanghai Scientific and Technological Literature Publishing House, Shanghai, China, Pages 70-100.

Non-refereed:

  1. Li, D., P. Chen, A. Shi, B. Zhang, and A. Hou. 2009. Inference of resistance genes to soybean mosaic virus in Chinese differential soybean genotypes. World Soybean Research Conference VIII, August 10-15, 2009, Beijing, China.
  2. Shi, A., P. Chen, R. Vierling, I. Cervantes, and E. Shakiba. 2009. Development of a multiplex SNP assay for soybean mosaic virus resistance genes, World Soybean Research Conference VIII, August 10-15, 2009, Beijing, China.
  3. Shi, A., M. Mmbaga, F. Mrema, and S. Kantartzi. 2008. Detection of Botryosphaeria dothidea as the pathogen of dogwood leaf blight by PCR-based markers. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 53:353-356.
  4. Shi, A., and M. Mmbaga. 2006. PCR-based identification of Pseudocercospora species from a leaf spot disease in Japanese tree lilac. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 51:212-215.
  5. Shi, A., M. Mmbaga, and F. Mrema. 2006. Identification of a powdery mildew pathogen in maple. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 51: 219-223.
  6. Mrema, F.A., M.T. Mmbaga, and A. Shi. 2005. Biological control of powdery mildew (Microsphaera pulchra) on flowering dogwood. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 50: 256-259.
  7. Nnodu, E., F.A. Mrema, and A. Shi. 2005. Seed-borne diseases in dogwood. The 50th Annual SNA Research Conference - Vol. 50: 243-246.
  8. Shi, A., M.T. Mmbaga, F. Mrema, and E. Nnodu. 2005. Molecular analysis of Alternaria leaf blight in lilac. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 50: 268-274.
  9. Shi, A., E. Nnodu, M.T. Mmbaga, and F. Mrema. 2005. PCR-based detection of Colletotrichum acutatum in dogwood. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 50: 251-255.
  10. Mrema, F.M., M.T. Mmbaga, and A. Shi. 2004. Characterization of potential biological control agents for dogwood powdery mildew. SNA Research Conference - Vol. 49:276-279.
  11. Shi, A., S. Leath, X. Chen, and J.P. Murphy. 1998. Identification of powdery mildew resistance in Dasypyrum villosum derived wheat lines. Pages 314-316 in Processings 9th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, August 1998, Saskatoon, Canada.
  12. Shi, A., M.T. Mmbaga, S. Zhou, and F.A. Mrema. 2004. Genetic diversity in dogwood selections inferred from AFLP and microsatellite-primed PCR. SNA Research Conference 49: 285-289.
  13. Shi, A., S. Leath, J.W. Johnson, and J. P. Murphy. 1998. Identification of resistance to powdery mildew in Triticum tauschii derived wheat lines. Pages 317-319 in Processings 9th International Wheat Genetics Symposium, August 1998, Saskatoon, Canada.
  14. Zhang, K., A. Shi, X. Li. 1994. Frequency character of Plant. 3rd national youth crop genetics and breeding symposium. Pages 213-214.
  15. Zhang, Q., C. L. Wang, A. Shi, and T. W. Mew. 1990. Evaluation of near-isogenic rice lines with eight genes for bacterial blight to strains in China. Chinese Rice Research Newsletters 1:3-5.

 PATENT:

  1. Molecular markers linked to disease resistance in soybean. Patent number: 10655142; https://patents.justia.com/patent/10655142; Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and compositions for identifying, selecting and/or producing a soybean plant or germplasm having a Rps1 resistance allele and resistance to Phytophthora sojae. A soybean plant, part thereof and/or germplasm that has been identified, selected and/or produced by any of the methods of the present invention is also provided. Type: Grant; Filed: January 19, 2016; Date of Patent: May 19, 2020; Assignee: Syngenta Participations AG. Inventors: Ainong Shi, Harish T. Gandhi, Becky Welsh Breitinger, Zhanyou Xu, Roger L. McBroom, Harikrishnan Ramasubramaniam
  2. Molecular markers associated with soy iron deficiency chlorosis. Patent number: 10648041; https://patents.justia.com/patent/10648041; Patent number: 9879326; https://patents.justia.com/patent/9879326. Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and compositions for identifying, selecting and/or producing a soybean plant or germplasm having iron deficiency chlorosis tolerance. A soybean plant, part thereof and/or germplasm, including any progeny and/or seeds derived from a soybean plant or germplasm identified, selected and/or produced by any of the methods of the present invention is also provided. Type: Grant; Filed: December 3, 2015; December 15, 2017; Date of Patent: January 30, 2018; May 12, 2020. Assignee: Syngenta Participations AG. Inventors: Mark Charles Hamilton, Craig Lynn Davis, Jean Robert Gelin, Elhan Sultan Ersoz, Ju-Kyung Yu, Thomas Joseph Curley, Baohong Guo, Ainong Shi
  3. Resistance alleles in soybean. Patent number: 9458504; https://patents.justia.com/patent/9458504; Patent number: 9708674; https://patents.justia.com/patent/9708674; Patent number: 10544470; https://patents.justia.com/patent/10544470 . Abstract: The present invention relates to methods and compositions for identifying, selecting and/or producing a soybean plant or germplasm having iron deficiency chlorosis tolerance. A soybean plant, part thereof and/or germplasm, including any progeny and/or seeds derived from a soybean plant or germplasm identified, selected and/or produced by any of the methods of the present invention is also provided. Type: Grant; Filed: April 30, 2012; September 1, 2016; June 13, 2017; Date of Patent: October 4, 2016; July 18, 2017; January 28, 2020; Assignee: Syngenta Participations AG. Mark Charles Hamilton, Harish Gandhi, Ainong Shi, Craig Lynn Davis, Thomas Joseph Curley, Jr., Baohong Guo
  4. Soy gene cluster regions and methods of use. Patent number: Patent number: 9307707; https://patents.justia.com/patent/10655142; Patent number: 10045494; https://patents.justia.com/patent/10045494. Abstract: Methods for conveying pathogen resistance into non-resistant soybean germplasm are provided. In some embodiments, the methods include introgressing pathogen resistance into a non-resistant soybean using one or more nucleic acid markers for marker-assisted breeding among soybean lines to be used in a soybean breeding program, wherein the markers are linked to and/or associated with pathogen resistance. Also provided are single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with resistance to pathogens; soybean plants, seeds, and tissue cultures produced by any of the disclosed methods; seed produced by the disclosed soybean plants; and compositions including amplification primer pairs capable of initiating DNA polymerization by a DNA polymerase on soybean nucleic acid templates to generate soybean marker amplicons. Type: Grant; Filed: November 28, 2012; December 14, 2015; Date of Patent: April 12, 2016; August 14, 2018; Assignee: Syngenta Participations AG. Inventors: Ju-Kyung Yu, Becky Welsh Breitinger, David Plunkett, Ainong Shi, Daniel Dyer
  5. Shi, A., B. Breitinger, J.K. Yu, and A. Perumal. RESISTANCE ALLELES IN SOYBEAN (Attorney Docket No.: 80814-US-L-ORG-NAT-1) (A method of identifying and/or selecting an SCN tolerant soybean plant or part thereof, comprising: detecting, in said soybean plant or part thereof, the presence of a marker associated with SCN tolerance in a soybean plant, wherein said marker is located within a chromosomal interval comprising any one of SEQ ID NOs: 1-60).
  6. Murphy P., S. Leath, R.A. Navarro, A. Shi, D. Huynh. 1998. PI 597348, PI 597349, PI 597350, PI 599034, PI 599035, and PI 599036 of Triticum aestivum accessions. Plant Inventory No. 206, Part I. Plant Materials Introduced January 1 to June 30, 1997 (Nos. 596294 to 599110) edited by R.A. Norris. USDA-ARS, June 1998. https://www.ars-grin.gov/npgs/pi_books/scans/pi206pt1.pdf.
  7. Chen*, S. and A. Shi*. 2020. Identification of A major QTL for resistance to HG Type 2.5.7 and moderate resistance to HG Type 7 of soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) in soybean (Submitted for patent).
  1. Associate Professor (07/2019 - ), Assistant Professor (06/2013- 06/2019), Dept. Horticulture, University of Arkansas, AR, USA.. - Lead and participate classic and molecular breeding and genetics in vegetable crops such as spinach and cowpea for cultivars and germplasm development and release, and conduct genetic and association mapping, SNP discovery and genotyping, next-generation sequencing such as RNAseq, whole genome sequencing and resequencing (WGS and WGR), ddRADseq and GBS, marker assisted selection (MAS) and genomic selection (GS) in vegetable crops such as cowpea, green bean, soybean and spinach.
  2. Scientist/Soy Genetic Project Lead, Syngenta Seeds, Slater, IA, 10/2009 – 05/2013. - Conducted classic and molecular breeding in soybean including SNP marker discovery and genotyping, QTL and association mapping, marker assisted selection and genome wide selection; and also led and participated soybean cultivars and germplasm release.
  3. Plant Geneticist, Indiana Crop Improvement Association and Purdue University, IN, 07/2008-09/2009. - Conducted molecular marker identification, genetic mapping, association analysis and mapping, SNP discovery and genotyping for corn, soybean, and tomato.
  4. Postdoc, Institute of Genomic Diversity, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 12/2007-07/2008. - Conducted association analysis in switchgrass and participated corn nested association mapping.
  5. Postdoc, Dept. Crop, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, 10/2005 – 11/2007. - Identified molecular markers associated with seed quality and disease resistance; conducted genetic diversity, QTL analysis and association studies, and participated soybean breeding.
  6. Postdoc, Nursery Station, Tennessee State University, TN, 04/2003 – 10/2005. - Identified molecular markers associated with disease resistance, analyzed genetic diversity in dogwood, and detected pathogens in nursery crops.
  7. Postdoc, Dept. of Crop, Washington State University, WA, 10/1997 – 09/1998. - Evaluated and identified disease resistance and participated a wheat breeding program for germplasm and cultivar releasing.
  8. Research Assistant, Plant Pathology Department and Crop Science Department, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 09/1993 – 09/1997. - Evaluated and analyzed disease resistance and identified and mapped genes for disease resistance in wheat, and participated a wheat breeding program.
  9. Researcher, Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivar, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences (CAAS), Beijing, P.R. China, 08/1986 – 08/1993. - Performed germplasm identification for disease resistance and conducted genetic analysis of disease resistance in rice, and wheat and leaded a rice breeding program for germplasm and cultivar releasing

GRANT AWARD (a total of $3,998,515 budget, among which $1,361,120 goes to Shi’s lab)

-Shi, A., J. Correll, and Gehendra Bhattarai, “Evaluation and Association Analysis of resistance to Pythium on USDA Spinach Germplasm”, 08/01/2020 – 07/31/2021, a total of $24,500.

-Shi, A. and W. Ravelombola, Evaluation, Genome-wide Association Study and Genomic Selection of Salt Tolerance in USDA Cowpea Germplasm, 06/01/2020 – 05/31/2021, a total of $24,000.

-Shi, A. and J. Correll, “Evaluation and Association Analysis of Leaf Spot Resistance for USDA Spinach Germplasm” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 7/1/2019-6/30/2020, a total of $19.380.

-Shi, A. J. Qin, and W. Ravelombola, “Evaluation and Association Analysis of Drought Tolerance in USDA Cowpea Germplasm” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 7/1/2019-6/30/2020, a total of $19,380.

-Shi, A., J. Correll, B. Mou, C. Avila,  L. Du Toit, C. Feng, L. Stein, and R. Hogan, “Developing Genetic and Molecular Resources to Improve Spinach Production and Management (GRANT12355010)” from USDA-SCRI, 09/01/2017-08/31/2020, a total of $2,447,430.

-Shi, A., J. Correll, and B. Mou, “Classic and Molecular Breeding for Downy Mildew Resistance in Spinach” from USDA-AMS SCMP, 10/01/2016-09/30/2019, a total of $755,784.

-Shi, A. and J. Correll, “Evaluation and Association Analysis of White Rust Resistance for USDA Spinach Germplasm” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 7/1/2017-06/30/2018, a total of $29,868.

-Shi, A., J. Qin, and S. Chen, “Evaluation and Association Analysis of Soybean Cyst Nematode Resistance in USDA Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) Germplasm” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 7/1/2018-06/30/2020, a total of $21,318.

-Chen, S., T. Michaels, and A. Shi. “Identification and Characterization of the Soybean Cyst Nematode Resistance in Dry Bean” from AGRI Minnesota Crop Research Grant Program, 1/1/2017- 12/31/ 2019, a total of $289,174.

-Shi, A. and J. Correll, “Development of SNP Markers for White Rust Resistance and Genetic Diversity Analysis in Spinach” from Pop Vriend Seeds, Rijk Zwaan, and Sakata seed companies, 7/1/2016-6/30/2018, a total of $118,827.

-Shi, A. “Evaluation and Association Analysis of Seed Protein Content in Cowpea”, University of Arkansas Provost Grant, 1/1/2017 – 12/31/2017, $2,000.

-Shi, A. and J. Correll, “Molecular Research and Breeding through DNA Sequencing and SNP Development in Spinach”, Pop Vriend Seeds, 2016-2018, a total of $9,500.

-Shi, A. and J. Correll, “Evaluation and Association Analysis of White Rust Resistance for USDA Spinach Germplasm” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 7/1/2016-6/30/2017, a total of $12,621.

-Shi, A., “QTL and Association Analysis for White Rust Resistance in Spinach”, Texas Spinach Producers Board, 2016-2017, $3,420.

-Shi. A., “Evaluation and Association Analysis of Seed Protein Content in USDA Cowpea Germplasm” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 7/1/2016-6/30/2017, $11,650.

-Shi, A., “QTL and Association Analysis for White Rust Resistance in Spinach”, Texas Spinach Producers Board, 2015-2016, $5,000.

-Shi, A., “Enhance Spinach Improvement for White Rust Resistance and Heat-tolerance with Slowing Bolting”, Texas Spinach Producers Board, 2014-2015, $5,000.

-Shi, A., “Association Analysis of Bacterial Blight Resistance in USDA Cowpea Germplasm Core Collection” from USDA Germplasm Evaluation, 2014-2015, a total of $12,686.

-Shi, A., “Research in Teaching Grants”, U of A Global Campus, 2013-2014, $3,500.